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Учебное пособие Москва, 2014 Учебное пособие разработано на кафедре «Иностранные - страница №1/4

МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ

РОССИЙСКОЙ ФЕДЕРАЦИИ


Федеральное государственное образовательное бюджетное учреждение

высшего профессионального образования


«МОСКОВСКИЙ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННЫЙ МАШИНОСТРОИТЕЛЬНЫЙ УНИВЕРСИТЕТ (МАМИ)»

Кафедра «Иностранные языки»

Е.С.Закирова, Т.А.Карпова, Л.П.Циленко

Английский язык

для студентов заочной формы обучения

технических направлений подготовки

Учебное пособие

Москва, 2014

Учебное пособие разработано на кафедре «Иностранные языки»

Закирова Е.С., Карпова Т.А., Циленко Л.П. Английский язык для студентов заочной формы обучения технических направлений подготовки. Учебное пособие. М.: Университет машиностроения, 2014.

Данное учебное пособие составлено в соответствии с модульной системой обучения и включает 7 модулей, грамматические пояснения, англо-русский словарь контекстуальных значений активной лексики. Первый модуль представляет собой диагностический тест. Модули (2-6) содержат тексты для развития умений и навыков чтения, аннотирования и реферирования, причем система упражнений является одинаковой для этих модулей. Седьмой модуль посвящен основам делового английского языка.

Учебное пособие разработано в соответствии с ФГОС ВПО для студентов заочной формы обучения технических направлений подготовки.

Закирова Е.С., Карпова Т.А., Циленко Л.П.

Московский государственный машиностроительный университет (МАМИ), 2014

СОДЕРЖАНИЕ



Module 1. Diagnostic Test. Диагностический тест

Существительные. Местоимения. Прилагательные и наречия.

Оборот there is / are. Глаголы be, have, do.

Модальные глаголы и их эквиваленты…………………………...4

Module 2. Higher Education. Высшее образование

Временные формы глагола................................................................13

Module 3. Engineering Materials. Конструкционные материалы

Неличные формы глагола..................................................................18

Module 4. Motor Car Components. Устройство автомобиля

Обобщающее повторение грамматического материала..............24

Module 5. Civil Engineering. Строительство зданий и сооружений

Обобщающее повторение грамматического материала………..32

Module 6. Oil&Gas Equipment. Нефтегазовое оборудование

Обобщающее повторение грамматического материала………..39

Module 7. Business English. Основы делового английского языка:

резюме/CV, деловое письмо………………………………………..47

Грамматические пояснения………………………………………………..51

Англо-русский словарь

контекстуальных значений активной лексики…………………………...57

Список использованной литературы……………………………………...65



MODULE 1. ДИАГНОСТИЧЕСКИЙ ТЕСТ
Замените слова, написанные курсивом, местоимениями.

1. My uncle is a carpenter.

a) She b) I c) He d) His

2. His daughter is a musician.

a) She b) He c) Hers d) It

3. Their aunt is a manager.

a) He b) She c) They d) Her

4. Our parents are physicians.

a) He b) We c) They d) Our

5. My grandfather and grandmother are pensioners.

a) My b) They c) She d) He
Выберите подходящие формы глаголов.

6. His uncle (to be) a fitter.

a) are b) is c) am d) to be

7. My aunt (to have) those books.

a) have b) to have c) has

8. I (to be) his cousin.

a) is b) are c) am d) to be

9. Their friends (to be) students.

a) is b) are c) to be d) am

10. His son (to have) this article.

a) has b) have c) to have

Выберите правильные формы множественного числа.

11. Their friend is a dentist.

a) Their friends were dentists.

  1. Their friends are dentists.

  2. Their friend was a dentist.

  3. Their friends is dentists.

12. That was an article.

a) That was articles.

  1. Those was articles.

  2. Those were articles.

  3. These were articles.

13. This is a clip.

a) Those were clips.

  1. Those are clips.

  2. These are clips.

  3. This are clips.

14. He was a teacher.

a) They were teachers.

b) They are teachers.

c) We are teachers.

d) You are teachers.

15. Your daughter is a pupil.

a) Their daughter is a pupil.

b) Your daughters are pupils.

c) Your daughters are a pupil.

d) Their daughters are pupil.
Выберите подходящие местоимения.

16. My friends havediscs.

a) this b) that c) these d) me

17. … were students.

a) We b) I c) This d) That

18. This is my notebook, and that is … .

a) hers b) your c) you d) me

19. … grandparents are pensioners.

a) Me b) Mine c) My d) Hers

20. … are my pencils.

a) That b) These c) This d) We
Выберите подходящий перевод предложений.

21. У них есть мои кассеты.

a) They had my cassettes.

b) They have mine cassettes.

c) They have my cassettes.

d) They has my cassettes.

22. Мой дядя был музыкантом.

a) My uncle is a musician.

b) My aunt was a musician.

c) My uncle was a musician.

d) My uncle were a musician.

23. Её брат – бизнесмен.

a) Her brother is a businessman.

b) Her brother was a businessman.

c) His brother is a businessman.

d) His brother was a businessman.

24. У меня был их диск.

a) I had their disc.

b) I have their disc.

c) I has their disc.

d) I had this disc.

25. У него есть эта статья.

a) She has that article.

b) He has this article.

c) She has this article.

d) He has that article.
Выберите подходящие формы множественного числа.

26. There is a goose in the kitchen.

a) There is geese in the kitchen.


  1. There are gooses in the kitchen.

  2. There are geese in the kitchen.

  3. There were geese in the kitchen.

27. There is a shelf on the wall.

a) There are shelfs on the wall.



  1. There were shelves on the wall.

  2. There are shelves on the wall.

  3. There was a shelf on the wall.

28. There is a boy in the room.

a) There was a boy in the room.

b) There were boys in the room.

c) There are boies in the room.

d) There are boys in the room.

29. There was a flower in the vase.

a) There were flowers in the vase.

b) There are flowers in the vase.

c) There is a flower in the vase.

d) There are a flower in the vase.

30. There was a window in the room.

a) There is a window in the room.

b) There were windows in the room.

c) There are windows in the room.

d) There are window in the room.
Выберите правильные формы единственного числа.

31. There were magazines under the table.

a) There is a magazine under the table.

b) There was magazine under the table.

c) There was a magazine under the table.

d) There is magazine under the table.

32. There are teachers in the room.

a) There were teachers in the room.

b) There was a teacher in the room.

c) There is a teacher in the room.

d) There is an teacher in the room.

33. There are some words in this sentence.

a) There were some words in this sentence.

b) There is a word in this sentence.

c) There was a word in this sentence.

d) There is a word in that sentence.

34. There were some titles above the text.

a) There was a title above the text.

b) There are titles above the text.

c) There is a title above the text.

d) There is title above the text.

35. There are discs near the computer.

a) There is a disc near the computer.

b) There was a disc near the computer.

c) There is disc near the computer.

d) There is a disc in the computer.


Вставьте вместо пропусков правильные формы глагола to be.

36. There ____ paragraphs in the text.

a) is b) was c) have d) are

37. There ______ pupils in the room.

a) are b) was c) have d) is

38. My brother’s book _______ in this bookcase.

a) was b) are c) were d) has

39. There ________ a ruler behind the wardrobe.

a) be b) is c) were d) are

40. His daughter’s bag _______ on the shelf.

a) was b) are c) be d) were
Выберите правильный перевод предложений.

41. Мамино кресло стоит в углу.

a) There is an armchair in the corner.

b) The mother’s armchair is in the corner.

c) The mother’s armchair in the corner.

d) There was the mother’s armchair in the corner.

42. Ваза - на подоконнике.

a) There was a vase on the window sill.

b) There is a vase on the window sill.

c) The vase is on the window sill.

d) The vase was on the window sill.

43. Словарь – в книжном шкафу.

a) The dictionary was in the bookcase.

b) The dictionary is in the bookcase.

c) There is a dictionary in the bookcase.

d) There was a dictionary in the bookcase.

44. В посудном шкафу – тарелки и кастрюли.

a) There are plates and pans in the cupboard.

b) There were plates and pans in the cupboard.

c) There is plates and pans in the cupboard.

d) There was plates and pans in the cupboard.

45. В тексте – несколько абзацев.

a) There were some paragraphs in the text.

b) There are some paragraphs in the text.

c) Some paragraphs are in the text.

d) Some paragraphs in the text.


Выберите правильный перевод словосочетаний.

46. Бабушкин холодильник.

a) the grandfather’s fridge;

b) the grandmother’s fridge;

c) the grandmother’s fridges.

47. Картина моего двоюродного брата.

a) my cousins’ picture;

b) mine cousin’s picture;

c) my cousin’s picture.

48. Оценки моей сестры.

a) mine sister’s marks;

b) my sister’s marks;

c) my sister’s mark.

49. Статья её отца.

a) her fathers’ article;

b) her father’s article;

c) her father’s articles.

50. Диски ее друга.

a) her friends’ discs;

b) her friend’s disc;

c) her friend’s discs.
Выберите правильные формы степеней сравнения.

51. sad


a) sad – sadder – (the) most sad;

b) sad – sadder - (the) saddest;

c) sad – more sad – (the) most sad;

d) sad – more sad – (the) saddest;

52. fine

a) fine – more fine – (the) finest;

b) fine – fineer – (the) fineest;

c) fine – finer – (the) finest;

d) fine – more fine – (the) most finest;

53. old


a) old – older – (the) oldest;

b) old – more older – (the) oldest;

c) old – older – (the) most oldest;

d) old – more older – (the) most oldest;

54. young

a) young – more younger – (the) most youngest;

b) young – younger – (the) most youngest;

c) young – more younger – (the) youngest;

d) young – younger – (the) youngest;

55. bad


a) bad – more bad – (the) most bad;

b) bad – better – (the) most bad;

c) bad – worse – the worst;

d) bad – more bad – (the) best.


Раскройте скобки и выберите правильные предложения.

56. This flat is (small) than ours.

a) This flat is the smallest than ours.

b) This flat is smaller than ours.

c) This flat is more small than ours.

d) This flat is more smaller than ours.

57. This text is (difficult) than that one.

a) This text is more difficulter than that one.

b) This text is difficulter than that one.

c) This text is most difficult than that one.

d) This text is more difficult than that one.

58. This duster is (dirty) than that one.

a) This duster is dirtier than that one.

b) This duster is most dirty than that one.

c) This duster is the most dirty than that one.

d) This duster is more dirtier than that one.

59. This article is (necessary) one.

a) This article is the most necessary one.

b) This article is the more necessary.

c) This article is most necessary one.

d) This article is necessary one.

60. This magazine is (good) one.

a) This magazine is gooder one.

b) This magazine is more best one.

c) This magazine is the most best one.

d) This magazine is the best one.


Выберите правильный перевод предложений.

61. Твоя комната холоднее, чем моя.

a) Your room is colder than my.

b) Your room is colder than mine.

c) Your room is more colder than my.

d) Your room is more colder than mine.

62. Бабушкина квартира дороже, чем наша.

a) The grandmother’s flat is more expensive than ours.

в) The grandmother flat is more expensive than ours.

с) The grandmother’s flat is most expensive than ours.

d) The grandmother’s flat is the most expensive than ours.

63. Сочинение моего друга длиннее, чем моё.

a) My friend composition is longer than mine.

b) My friend’s composition is longer than mine.

c) My friends’ composition is longer than mine.

d) My friend composition is more longer than mine.

64. Его сумка такая же тяжёлая, как и её.

a) His bag is as heavy as her.

b) His bag is as heavy as hers.

c) His bag is as heavy as her.

d) His bag is as heavier as hers.

65. Его статья лучше, чем твоя.

a) His article is gooder than yours.

b) His article is best than yours.

c) His article is better than yours.

d) His article is the best than yours.


Выберите предложения, которые имеют одинаковое значение.

66. They are able to take two chairs from this room.

a) They must take two chairs from this room.

b) They may take two chairs from this room.

c) They can take two chairs from this room.

d) They is able to take two chairs from this room.

67. They must go to this hotel.

a) They have to go to this hotel.

b) They can go to this hotel.

c) They may go to this hotel.

d) They is to go to this hotel.

68. I can load this game from this site.

a) I am able to load this game from this site.

b) I is able to load this game from this site.

c) I are able to load this game from this site.

d) I was able to load this game from this site.

69. They could open this joint venture.

a) They are able open this joint venture.

b) They are able to open this joint venture.

c) They were able to open this joint venture.

d) They were able open this joint venture.

70. You have to take the books from the library.

a) You must take the books from the library.

b) You can take the books from the library.

c) You may take the books from the library.

d) You had to take the books from the library.



Раскройте скобки и выберите правильные предложения.

71. Your uncle’s flat (to be) large.

a) Your uncle’s flat was to large.

b) Your uncle’s flat is large.

c) Your uncle’s flat are large.

d) Your uncle’s flat to be large.

72. Your parents’ office (to have) ten employees.

a)Your parents’ office have ten employees.

b) Your parents’ office to have ten employees.

c) Your parents’ office has ten employees.

d) Your parents’ office to have to ten employees.

73. These books (to be) necessary for the classes.

a) These books to be necessary for the classes.

b) These books are necessary for the classes.

c) These books was necessary for the classes.

d) These books am necessary for the classes.

74. You (to have) take this magazine from the library.

a) You to have to take this magazine from the library.

b) You have to take this magazine from the library.

c) You has to take this magazine from the library.

d) You have take this magazine from the library.

75. I (to be) go the university.

a) I am to go the university.

b) I are to go the university.

c) I is to go the university.

d) I were to go the university.


Выберите правильный перевод предложений.

76. Он такой же счастливый, как и она.

a) He is so happy, as she was.

b) He was so happy, as she was.

c) He is as happy, as she is.

d) He were so happy, as she was.

77. Бабушке следует отдохнуть в саду.

a) The grandmother should rest in the garden.

b) The grandmother can rest in the garden.

c) The grandmother was able to rest in the garden.

d) The grandmother may rest in the garden.

78. Мне разрешили войти в комнату.

a) I am allowed to come into the room.

b) I was allowed to come into the room.

c) I am able to come into the room.

d) I are allowed to come into the room.

79. Этот студент должен ответить на вопросы из этого упражнения.

a) This student must answer the questions from this exercise.

b) This student can answer the questions from this exercise.

c) This student is allowed to answer the questions from this exercise.

d) This student may answer the questions from this exercise.

80. Ему разрешили посмотреть телевизор в той комнате.

a) He is allowed to watch TV in that room.

b) He was allowed to watch TV in that room.

c) He was allowed to watch TV in this room.

d) He were allowed to watch TV in this room.



MODULE 2. HIGHER EDUCATION
Exercise 1. Read and guess the meanings of the new words. If you have some difficulties use the dictionary at the end of this book.

1) mechanical engineering. Moscow State University of Mechanical Engineering has a long history.

2) vocational school. It was a small vocational school.

3) to turn into. Later that small vocational school turned into one of the leading secondary school in Russia.

4) to influence. The activities of that school influenced the establishment and improvement of vocational education in Russia.

5) educational institution. Schools, colleges and universities are educational institutions.

6) research centres. The university is training students for machine-building plants, research centres, etc.

7) full-time, part-time, extra-mural departments. The university has full-time, part-time, extra-mural departments.

8) teaching staff. The teaching staff of the university consists of highly-qualified specialists.

9) educational aids. The teachers have created a lot of educational aids.

10) abroad. The educational aids which have been created by the university teachers are used in higher schools not only in Russia but abroad too.

11) to take part. The university takes part in the activities of some governmental and international professional public organizations.

12) scientific. A lot of scientific conferences are organized on the base of the university.

Exercise 2. Read the international words and mind the stress.

University, history, activity, institute, student, machine, centre, specialist, academician, academy, professor, candidate, doctor, organization, conference, base.
Exercise 3. Read the sentences, point out the Simple, Continuous, and Perfect Tenses. Give the Russian equivalents. If you have some difficulties use the grammar reference at the end of the book.

1. The university has a long history. 2. He is sitting at the lesson now. 3. The teaching staff of the university consists of highly-educated specialists. 4. Tomorrow he will take an exam. 5. He is watching TV at the moment. 6. The students are being taught different skills. 7. They have already received the instructions. 8. The devices have been tested by the students. 9. He was visiting the museum from 4 till 6 o’clock yesterday. 10. The students will be attending classes all the term.
Exercise 4. Make up your own sentences according to the models.

Model A: She often writes e-mails.

E-mails are often written by her.

1. He always learns different skills. 2. This student usually answers questions very well. 3. She always attends English classes. 4. He usually receives the instructions from his chief. 5. As a rule, the teacher solves the problems together with the students.



Model B: He was visiting the exhibition the whole morning yesterday.

The exhibition was being visited by him the whole morning yesterday.

1. The family was watching TV from 9 till 11 o’clock yesterday. 2. The whole morning yesterday she was translating the article. 3. Last month he was buying the newspapers at that newsstand. 4. The student was reading a book all evening yesterday. 5. She was writing an article during 3 hours yesterday.


Exercise 5. Read the text and choose the most suitable heading given below for each paragraph.

1) The Teaching Staff and Students

2) The University Activities

3) From the History of the University
MOSCOW STATE UNIVERSITY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
Moscow State University of Mechanical Engineering has a long history. In 1865 it was a small vocational school. Later it turned into one of the leading secondary schools in Russia. The activities of that school influenced the establishment and improvement of vocational education in Russia. And in 1939 it was founded as Moscow Auto-Mechanical Institute (MAMI). 

Today this educational institution is one of the largest technical higher schools in Russia. It is training students for machine-building plants, research centres, etc. It has full-time, part-time, and extra-mural departments. The teaching staff of the university consists of highly-qualified specialists including academicians and corresponding members of the Russian Academy of Sciences, professors, associate professors, Candidates of Sciences and Doctors of Sciences.

The university professors and teachers have created a lot of educational aids that are used not only in the university but also in other higher schools in Russia and abroad. The university takes part in the activities of some governmental and international professional public organizations. A lot of scientific conferences are organized on the base of the university.
Exercise 6. Share your vision about Moscow State University of Mechanical Engineering using the following phrases: in my opinion, if I am not mistaken, as far as I remember, etc.

1. What facts from the history of Moscow State University of Mechanical Engineering can you name?

2. What does the university train students for?

3. What departments are there in the university?

4. Whom does the teaching staff of the university consist of?

5. Where are the university educational aids used?

6. In what activities does the university take part?
Exercise 7. Complete logically the following sentences.

1. In 1865 Moscow State University of Mechanical Engineering was … .

2. It turned into … .

3. The activities of that school influenced … .

4. In 1939 it was founded as … .

5. Today this educational institution is … .

6. It is training … .

7. The teaching staff of the university consists of … .

8. The university professors and teachers have created … .

9. The educational aids are used … .

10. The university takes part in … .
Exercise 8. Translate the following sentences from Russian into English. You will have a story on the topic as a pattern.

1. Московский государственный машиностроительный университет имеет длинную историю. 2. Сначала это была маленькая профессиональная школа, которая позже превратилась в ведущую среднюю школу России. 3. Московский Автомеханический институт (МАМИ) был основан в 1939 году. 4. В настоящее время университет готовит студентов для машиностроительных заводов и исследовательских центров. 5. В университете есть дневное, вечернее и заочное отделения. 6. Профессорско-преподавательский состав университета состоит из высококвалифицированных специалистов: академиков, членов-корреспондентов Российской академии наук, профессоров, доцентов. 7. В университете создано много дидактических средств, которые используются не только в высших учебных заведениях России, но и за рубежом. 8.  На базе университета проводятся многочисленные научно-технические конференции.



Exercise 9. Read and give a summary of the text.
BRITISH UNIVERSITIES
There are about 50 universities in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The education at the universities is not free but the competition among those who want to be a student is serious.

British universities differ greatly from each other in history, traditions, and methods of instructions. The most famous universities are Oxford and Cambridge Universities. Each of them is a federation of colleges. Each college is governed by their own teaching staff. It is responsible for teaching students through the tutorial system: a college tutor advises students which lectures to attend, and lecture attendance at the universities is not compulsory.

Cambridge University is a great centre of research. Cavendish scientific laboratory is known all over the world. Some Nobel Prize scientists worked there. Thomson, Rutherford, P.Kapitza were among them.



Exercise 10. Compile information about some universities in the UK and USA and participate in a project. You may use the following web site: www.topuniversities.com/university-rankings
TEST 1
1. Choose the proper words and fill in the blanks.

1. We were discussing educational systems in different … .

A universities B activities C students D plants



2. The university has full-time, part-time, and … departments.

A mural B extra-mural C vocational D secondary



3. It … into a leading secondary school.

A influenced B consisted C turned D created



4. It … the development of education in this country.

A influenced B consisted C turned D created



5. They … different educational aids.

A influenced B consisted C turned D created



6. It … of some departments then.

A influenced B consisted C turned D created



7. This university is one of the largest … higher schools in Russia.

A highly-qualified B training C technical D educational



8. The university prepares students for … .

A schools B research centres C deparments D activities



9. The university … part in the activities of international organizations.

A takes B turns C creates D consists



10. They are used not only in Russia but … .

A then B also C a lot of D abroad


2. Fill in the blanks with the proper grammatical forms.

1. He … this museum the whole morning yesterday.

A were visiting B was being visited C was visiting D being visited

2. They … an e-mail two days ago.

A are being written B is writing C was writing D wrote



3. He usually … the texts very well.

A were translating B is translated C translate D translates



4. This material … in the article.

A is being used B use C uses D were being used



5. At present she … here.

A were studying B study C is studying D is being studied



6. The students … these lectures next week.

A will attend B will attending C attends D will be



7. The boys … this newspaper yesterday.

A read B are reading C was reading D were being read



8. The questions … by the relatives now.
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